Jasmine

Jasmine is a genus of shrubs and vines in the olive family. The scientific name for jasmine is Jasminum. It contains around 200 species native to tropical and warm temperate regions of Eurasia, Africa, and Oceania. Jasmines are widely cultivated for the characteristic fragrance of their flowers.


Most true jasmines have climbing branches without tendrils. The white, yellow, or rarely pinkflowers are tubular with a flaring, lobed, pinwheel-like form; some double-flowered varieties have been developed. The leaves can be evergreen or deciduous and usually are composed of two or more leaflets, although some species have simple leaves. The fruit in most species is a two-lobed black berry.


Table of Contents



Height (Avg)

3 to 8 feet, 8 to 20 feet


Width (Avg)

3 to 15 feet


Approximate pH

6.5-7.5


Types of Jasmine


Jasmine is a member of the olive family. The most common types are grown as vines, but there are some varieties that work as ground covers or shrubs, too. There are about 200 different species of jasmine, which is native to warmer, temperate tropical climates. Jasmine plant types will all have slightly different needs, so it is important to know about the varieties before choosing which one to plant.

  • Arabian Jasmine – This variety of jasmine is an evergreen shrub or vine. It has white, very strongly scented flowers that open in the evening. Arabian jasmine can grow from 3 – 9 feet tall.

  • White Jasmine – White jasmine is native to Burma and China and is an evergreen twining climber. Its pinkish flower buds show in late winter to early spring and bloom into white star-like fragrant flowers. White jasmine can grow 20 – 30 feet tall and 7 – 15 feet wide, so you will need ample room for this variety.

  • Purple Jasmine – The purple jasmine flower is also known as star jasmine. This twining vine blooms 2-inch flowers in the spring and summer. It can grow 20 feet as a vine, but can also be grown on a smaller scale as a hedge, shrub or ground cover.

  • Forest Jasmine – A woody climber, forest jasmine has dark green glossy leaves and bright white flowers that have a slight tinge of pink. It is a strong variety, with stems that can grow to more than 5 inches in diameter.

  • Winter Jasmine – Growing up to 15 feet tall if trained on a trellis, Winter jasmine is known for its striking yellow blooms. Winter jasmine is native to China and, unlike most jasmine, doesn’t twine. Because of this, it needs to be pruned more often than other varieties.


  • Spanish Jasmine – Another highly scented variety, Spanish jasmine is a deciduous climber or shrub that is widely used in perfumes. It can grow 6 – 13 feet tall.

  • Night-Blooming Jasmine – The dark green foliage and the bright star-shaped flowers of this variety make it easy to recognize. It does grow well in full sun and soil that is fertile and well-drained. It tends to bloom from spring until fall. The scent of this plant is strong; in fact, it can easily cause an allergic reaction in some.

  • Cape Jasmine Cape jasmine is a plant that grows well in hardiness zones six to 11. This is a plant that also has a powerful scent that is often described as being almost heavenly. It needs full to partial sun, lots of water, and well-draining soil to grow. The seed pod changes color as it grows until the flowers can be seen.


Propagation


Jasmine can be propagated by cuttings, layering, sucker, grafting, budding and tissue culture.

Layering : Layering is done during June-July in North India and from June to December in South India. For preparation of layers, well matured, one year old shoots are selected and are buried in the soil 10-15 cm deep after making a shallow, slanting cut in the portion that is to be buried. The root formation occurs in 90-120 days.

Cutting : It is the easiest method of propagation of jasmine J.grandiflorum and J.sambac are best propagated by apical cuttings while J.auriculatum is propagated by semi hardwood cuttings. Normally 22-25 cm long cuttings with 3-4 nodes are planted in rooting media. Cuttings taken during April-September has highest percentage of rooting with maximum rooting in June planted cuttings. The basal portion of softwood cuttings is treated with growth regulating substances (IBA 400ppm and IAA @ 1000ppm) before planting. The cuttings are buried more than 5 cm deep in the rooting medium and are spaced 7cm apart. The cuttings are ready for transplanting into the main field after 4 to 5 months of planting in the rooting media.

Planting Jasmine Flowers


Planting jasmine is easy. Just follow these simple tips.

  • When to plant jasmine – Plant jasmine bushes any time between June and November.

  • Where to plant jasmine – Jasmine will grow well in full sun to partial shaded areas. Summer-flowering jasmine does better in a sunny spot, while other varieties, such as winter jasmine, like a more shaded area.

  • Soils that jasmine thrive in – Jasmine needs well-drained but moist, moderately fertile sandy loamy soil.

  • Supports for jasmine – If planting a twining vine variety and wanting jasmine to climb, the plant will need a support structure. A trellis or fence will both work.

  • How to space jasmine – Jasmine should be planted at least 8 feet, sometimes more depending on variety, apart to accommodate for its future root growth, as it will grow tremendously and does not like to be crowded.

  • How deep to plant – Dig a hole for the jasmine that is just deep enough so the plant will rest at the same level in the ground as it was when it was in the pot. It doesn’t need to be planted in a deep hole.

Jasmine Plant Care


Jasmine is not particularly hard to care for, but it does require some attention in the beginning and needs regular feeding and pruning. Learn how to care for a jasmine plant below.

  • Watering – Jasmine flowers that are in-ground should be watered once a week. If it is unusually dry or hot, increase the frequency, but let the soil dry out in between. If your jasmine is in a container, it will likely require water multiple times each week, especially in the hotter months. Water it once the top 1 inch of the soil is dry.

  • Training – If growing jasmine to climb a structure like a trellis or fence, help it by training young vines. Begin to train jasmine just after planting by weaving young stems through the trellis sections or by gently and loosely tying them onto the fence or support.

  • Amount of sunlight – Jasmine needs full sun or part shade – usually about 6 hours or more of direct sunlight each day for full sun, and 2 – 4 hours per day for partial shade. The exact type of jasmine you plant, in addition to climate and other conditions, will determine how much sun a plant needs.

  • Tips on how to prune – To prune jasmine, first remove any damaged, diseased or dead stems from the plant to prevent any spread of disease. Then remove any stems that are tangled or that no longer flower. Help keep trained jasmine clean and tidy by snipping stems that are growing away from the plant. Prune jasmine blooms immediately after they flower so vines have enough time to grow before the following season. Pruning is easy – simply pinch the tips by squeezing them between your finger and thumbnail. Proper and regular pruning will promote lush, full foliage and rapid growth.

Fine Fragrance


The fragrance from jasmine blooms is one of the most sought-after scents for products like expensive perfumes and flavored teas. Jasminum sambac and grandiflorum are most commonly used in the fragrance industry. The flowers of these jasmines are generally picked early in the morning before the buds have fully opened, so they still have maximum fragrance. For tea, thousands of jasmine blossoms are layered between alternating layers of tea leaves at night (jasmine will have its peak scent at this time). After four hours, the tea will absorb the scent to flavor the tea. In some cases, this process is then repeated several times for a more intense flavor.


Plant protection


Pests: A number of insect pest attack jasmine crop and cause considerable damage. Among them the most important ones are the bud worm (Hendecasis duplifascialis), leaf webber (Nausinoe geometralis) and the blossom midge (Contarinia maculipennis) and recently the mite (Tetranychus urticae) attack due to prevailing drought and hot weather. Among the different insect pests recorded, bud worm is known to pose a serious threat to flower production.



Diseases: Root rot management - Drench the soil around the plant with Copper oxychloride at 2.5 g/lit. Soil drenching with Trifloxystrobin + Tebuconazole @ 0.75 g/litre or Difenoconazole @ 0.5g/l.

Alternaria leaf spot management - Foliar application of Mancozeb @ 2.5 g/l or Azoxystrobin @ 1g/l Soil application of Pseudomonas fluorescens @ 25 g/m2 and foliar application of P. fluorescens @ 5 g/l at monthly intervals after planting.

Jasmine Plant Benefits


Relaxes and Relieves Stress: These flowers are famous for their enchanting fragrance. If you have a jasmine plant indoors, then its smell can relax you in no time. Encountered a hectic day or having a headache? This plant can soothe you, eliminating stress with its great fragrance.

Great for Skin: Its essential oil has ketone, which carries the same amazing smell as the flowers. Applying it will ensure you are smelling great naturally. Using its essential oil in the bath also softens and moisturizes the skin. Have stretch marks and scars? Crush jasmine flowers and apply its paste with coconut oil on the affected area to tone the skin and enhance its elasticity.

Neutralizes and Purifies Air: With such an amazing fragrance, these plants are the best natural air purifiers that you can have, especially indoors. Their soothing smell, wafting in the indoor air, neutralizes it, eliminating the bad odor too!

Offers Hair Benefits: Using jasmine flowers, you can condition your hair naturally. Take 20-25 flowers and boil them in water. Once cold, rinse your hair with it after shampooing to condition them deeply. If you have frizzy and curly hair, mix a few drops of jasmine essential oil with argan oil and apply. It is also a great anti-lice agent.

Has Antiseptic Properties: Jasmine is a natural wound healer, as it has benzyl benzoate, benzoic acid, and benzaldehyde, all three of which are antiseptics. The application of its fresh oil on minor wounds and cuts will offer instant relief. Moreover, if you have minor respiratory infection or ailments, inhaling jasmine oil helps. It is also helpful in cough and cold.

Helpful in Muscle Spasms: Jasmine is a natural antispasmodic, meaning it helps in muscle pains. The application of jasmine essential oil is a potent remedy to relax a sore or sprained muscle.

Helps in Weight Loss: Inclusion of tender jasmine flowers in tea helps to manage weight. Just boil few flowers in hot water along with tea leaves and including it in your diet, three times a day, aids in metabolism.

Relives Menstruation Pain: Jasmine oil is also an effective emmenagogue, which helps to ease out pain experienced during menstruation. Mixing a few drops of jasmine essential oil along with sesame oil and rubbing it on lower abs greatly reduces the pain. Taking jasmine aromatherapy reduces pain before or during menstruation.

Helpful in Diabetes: The presence of bioactive catechins in Jasmine tea promotes the production of pancreatic β-cells, which play a vital role in converting the starch, that we consume on a daily basis, to glucose.

Helps in Sleep: According to a Japanese study, the aroma of the jasmine plant has sedative qualities that promote stress-free sleep. So, having one in your bedroom is the best way to have a goodnight’s sleep!

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