Jade Plant

Crassula ovata, commonly known as jade plant, lucky plant, money plant or money tree, is a succulent plant with small pink or white flowers that is native to the KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape provinces of South Africa, and Mozambique; it is common as a houseplant worldwide. They live for a very long time, often being passed down from generation to generation and reaching heights of three feet or more when grown indoors.



With their thick, woody stems and oval-shaped leaves, jade plants have a miniature, tree-like appearance that makes them very appealing for use as a decorative houseplant. Under the right conditions, jade plants could also flower. This happens most specifically when the weather is dry, like in summers or winters. Depending on the climate and the sunlight it gets, jade plants can produce pinkish-white and star shaped flowers.


Table of Contents


Height(Avg)

3 - 8 feet


Width-Circumference (Avg)

2 - 3 feet


Approximate pH

around 6.0


Types of Jade Plant


Gollum Jade



It got its name due to the protruding finger-like foliage. The leaves are tubular in shape and red at the tips—the plant flowers in pink-white blooms in winters.


Variegated Gollum Jade



This jade plant variety is slightly bigger than the ‘Gollum’ jade. The leaves are green with an orange tint and red tips with a tubular or spoon-like shape.


Botany Bay



Introduced in 2011, this compact, bushy ovata cultivar flaunts red hues in dry conditions. The fleshy light green leaves have red tips.


Harbor Lights


The red tinges on the tips of green plumped leaves become more intense in winter, making it more attractive! One of the best types of jade plants on the list!


Hobbit



Popular for the dwarf structure, it grows up to not larger than 10-12 inches. The plant has fleshy green leaves, red tips and grows pink-white flowers in early winter.


Lady Fingers Jade



The jade varieties Gollum, hobbit, and ladyfingers look somewhat similar. The only difference is ladyfingers have much narrower, finger-like leaves.


Hummel’s Sunset



‘Hummel’s Sunset’ was awarded by the Royal Horticultural Society in 1993 for its striking foliage color. Its leaves turn from green to gold and red in winter.


Little Jade Tree


Just like the name, this small and compact variety can grow up to 12-16 inches tall and features oval-shaped green fleshy leaves adorned with red edges.


Miniature Jade


It is quite different from the Crassula Ovata ‘Little Jade Tree’. The plant creates a bushy structure in small containers and forms leaves clusters on several small branches.


Pink Jade



This beautiful variety got its name because of clusters of star-shaped pink blooms that grow on the tips and cover the entire plant in fall and early winter.


Variegated Jade Plant (Lemon & Lime)



This easy-to-grow variety displays silver-white stripes on the green leaves. It also flowers in pink-white blooms.


Crosby’s Red



Somewhat similar to the regular jade, it is much more compact and small. Expose the plant to the sun, and it will take a magnificent hue of red.


Ripple Jade Plant


This type of Jade Plant is also called as Curly Jade because of its circular, twisted leaves which are mainly green with a touch of faded blue color. Each leaf has a purplish or dark brown edge.


Undulata



This type of Jade plant is also called Wave Jade. From its name, it has wavy, blue-green leaves with red margins (which best come out when placed in cooler temperatures).



Planting Jade Plant


How to Plant Jade Plants

  • Choose a wide and sturdy pot with a moderate depth, as jade plants have a tendency to grow top-heavy and fall over.

  • Use a soil that will drain thoroughly, as excessive moisture may promote fungal diseases like root rot. An all-purpose potting mix will work, though you will want to mix in additional perlite to improve drainage. A 2:1 ratio of potting mix to perlite is great. Alternatively, use a pre-made succulent or cacti potting mix.

  • After planting a jade plant, don’t water it right away. Waiting anywhere from several days to a week before watering lets the roots settle and recover from any damage.


Jade Plant Care


Jade plants are generally undemanding and easy to grow, but they are susceptible to too much moisture and a selection of diseases. As with all succulents, overwatering is sure to be fatal, so err on the side of keeping the soil too dry rather than too wet. Jade plants also need plenty of light to develop to their full potential. However, if the proper conditions are met, you'll be gifted with a stunning succulent that can be easily propagated, giving you plenty of extra plants to spread around your home.


Light


Jade plants love light, and young plants especially should be exposed to bright, indirect sunlight in order to thrive. Jade plants young and old should receive at least four to six hours of sunlight daily, but keep the plant safe from direct rays. Harsh light can scorch young, immature plants or cause the leaves of older ones to turn red.


Soil


When choosing a mixture to house your jade plant in, a succulent-specific blend is your best bet. Ideally, the soil should have a neutral to slightly acidic pH level, and drain well in order to prevent excessive moisture from accumulating and leading to fungal growth. If you end up using an all-purpose potting mix instead, add some perlite to help assist with drainage. Additionally, you can house your jade plant in a terracotta or clay vessel to help wick extra moisture from the soil.


Water


During the spring and summer, jade plants should be watered often so that their soil is moist but not wet (just make sure their drainage is immaculate). Reduce your watering to once monthly in the winter. Also, if you water from beneath by letting the plant sit in a saucer of water, pour off any excess water after a few minutes and never let your jade plant sit in water.


Temperature and Humidity


Jade plants prefer average household temperatures ranging from 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. At night and in the winter, jade plants can handle a cooler environment, down to 55 degrees Fahrenheit, though they should never be kept in temperatures below 50 degrees Fahrenheit for any prolonged period of time.


Fertilizer


Many people underfeed their succulents during their growing season. For the most successful jade plant, feed it with a controlled-release fertilizer at the beginning of the season or weekly with a weak liquid solution. Use a balanced 20-20-20 fertilizer at one-quarter strength on mature plants, and a fertilizer with less nitrogen on young plants.


Propagating Jade Plant


The jade plant is well-known for its ease of propagation, and new plants can be easily propagated from a single leaf or cutting taken from a mother plant, giving you the opportunity to drastically increase your collection with ease. The best time to propagate jade plants is during the summer when they're most likely to receive ample sunlight and humidity. Here's how:


To propagate with cuttings:

  1. Start by taking a cutting that is at least two to three inches in length. It should be taken from a healthy, mature plant that is free from disease.

  2. Allow the cutting to sit for several days in a warm, dry place. You are ready to proceed once the end of the cutting has dried out and scabbed over.

  3. Dip the wound of the cutting in a rooting hormone powder.

  4. Plant the cut end of the stem in a pot containing a mixture of half soil, half vermiculite (or perlite).

  5. Water sparingly, just until the potting mixture is damp. Your cutting should take root in a few weeks, at which point you can begin to care for the cutting as you would a normal jade plant.


To propagate with leaves:

  1. Start by taking a leaf cutting that includes the stem of the leaf (twisting it from the plant gently can help). Cuttings without this intact will not root. It should be taken from a healthy, mature plant that is free from disease.

  2. Allow the cutting to sit for several days in a warm, dry place. You are ready to proceed once the end of the cutting has dried out and scabbed over.

  3. Dip the wound of the cutting in a rooting hormone powder.

  4. Place the cutting on top of. a potting soil blend that contains half soil, half vermiculite (or perlite). The leaf cutting does not need to be buried—simply making contact with the soil will be sufficient enough to prompt growth.

  5. Place the plant in a warm bright place, misting occasionally to keep the plant barely moist. Roots and baby plants should begin appearing around the edge of the leaf, at which point you can begin to care for the cutting like a traditional jade plant.


Potting and Repotting Jade Plants


Repotting your jade plant frequently isn't necessary and can typically be done every two to three years for smaller plants, and every four to five years for larger ones. Generally, a 4-inch or 6-inch pot works just fine for moderately-sized jade plants. If you can, opt for a vessel made from clay or terracotta, which will wick away excess moisture from the soil and ensure your plant doesn't become waterlogged. If you notice your jade plant appears to be outgrowing its container, follow the below steps to repot it properly:

  1. Make sure the soil is dry before repotting.

  2. Gently run a butter knife or other flat tool around the inner edge of the pot to loosen the soil and remove any roots that may be stuck to the walls of the pot.

  3. Remove the jade plant from the pot.

  4. Knock away the old soil from the roots, making sure to remove any rotted or dead roots in the process. Treat any visible cuts with a fungicide.

  5. Place the plant in its new pot and backfill with potting soil, spreading the roots out as you repot.

  6. Leave the plant dry for a week or so, then begin to water lightly to reduce the risk of root rot.


Pests and Plant Diseases

  • Mealybugs or scale may hide under stems and leaves. To remove the pests, use a spray bottle of water or wipe the insects off gently with a bit of rubbing alcohol on a paper towel or cotton swab. Repeated applications will be necessary to remove the pests’ offspring. If the plant is too heavily infested, it may be better to take a clean cutting from it and start anew.

  • Powdery mildew can be a problem, but is fairly uncommon indoors.

  • Root rot is caused by excessive moisture in the soil. Let the soil dry out between waterings.

  • Shriveled or wrinkled leaves are signs of a thirsty plant in need of more frequent or deeper waterings.

  • Waterlogged and squishy leaves indicated that the plant is getting too much water.

  • Leaf drop is a symptom of watering issues, too.


Common Problems With Jade Plants


While jade plants are fairly easy to care for and not terribly temperamental, you may find yourself running into a few issues that leave you wondering why your plant isn't thriving the way it should.


Shriveled Leaves


Because jade plants store water in their leaves, wrinkly or shriveled leaves are a good indication that your plant isn't getting enough water. They may be accompanied by drooping or a general "wilt" of the whole plant but should perk up quickly once watered.


Loss of Leaves


If your jade plant is losing leaves at a frequent rate, it may be a sign that it's not getting enough light. Move the plant somewhere where it gets bright, indirect light for at least six hours a day and observe whether the problem improves. If most of the leaves falling are old leaves, or the dropping is accompanied by leggy growth, your plant may be too warm and need to be located somewhere with a slightly cooler (but not cold) temperature.


All-Over Yellowing


One or two yellow leaves on your jade plant isn't the end of the world but if you notice your plant is yellowing all over, that is a sign of a more serious issue. Generally, an all-over yellowing of a jade plant is indicative of overwatering. Check for other telltale signs (like rotting roots) and cut back on the frequency with which you water.


Benefits of Jade Plant


The Jade plant is not only a visually-appealing plant, but it also comes with various benefits that make it a one-of-a-kind plant. Some of the jade plant benefits are listed below:


1. Symbol Of Good Fortune


Most people keep Jade plants in their homes because they bring good fortune with them. Chinese feng shui suggests, This plant has good energy activating ability and it removes negative energy from home. This plant brings happiness, prosperity, wealth and better health. To experience this change, you should bring it with hope and place it in the proper location and direction which you can learn from Jade Plant Vastu explained later in this article.


2. Maintenance Of Humidity


Proper relative humidity is important for better health and the indoor environment. The use of different heaters and ACs make the Indoors dry. Our skin also gives us scales. As the jade plant has water-storing tissue, It helps in maintaining humidity level by releasing moisture. This helps to solve many problems like, curing skin warts, itchy throat, static electricity, and allergy symptoms.


3. CO2 Consumption At Night


Oxygen is needed for better sleep and better health. At night, Photosynthesis stops which increases the concentration of CO2. But, When you keep a Jade Plant in your bedroom, It absorbs CO2 at night due to its special mechanism called CAM (Crassulacean Acid Metabolism). This is a type of adaptation in Succulent and Desert plants that helps to preserve water loss due to evaporation in the daytime.


4. Indoor Air Purify


There are many indoor air purifier plants. If you are one, who spends much of the time indoors, Then – You should surely consider the Jade Plant. NASA suggest, Keeping these plants helps to remove toxins like Benzene, acetone, o-Xylene, p-Xylene, Trichloromethane, Toluene from the air. These are harmful if not removed and can cause different respiratory diseases and allergies.


5. Gifts


It is another jade plant benefit. You can use this little cute plant as a gift for your friends, business partners and family members. They are gonna love it. It can be the best gift for those who have just shifted to a new house as it brings good fortune. Keeping this plant at home brings positive energy. It can also be used as a gift in Wedding and Marriage.


6. Jade Plant Benefits For Skin


Another benefit is, It is used in the treatment of Wart. Wart is a skin infection characterised by Rough, Skin-Coloured bumps. This disease is contagious. To treat this, the leaves of the jade plant are cut from the middle. The flesh is pasted over the wart for (2-3) days.


7. Medicinal Benefits


Jade Plant has several medicinal benefits. Therefore, It is on the list of Feng shui plants. It is used in the treatment of Diabetes, Diarrhoea, Epilepsy and Cleansing of the intestines. Chinese people have been using this plant for centuries and are often regarded as “Healing Gem” because of its ability to heal different health problems.


8. Ornamental Use


Jade is a beautiful Plant that can be used for beautifying and decorating purposes. They have beautiful foliage and flowers. So, Many people keep them at entrances, study tables and work cubicles. They also look great in hanging baskets. Moreover, They add focus in gardens.


9. Easy To Grow


It is another Jade Plant Benefit. This plant can be grown with minimal care. It doesn’t require much water and performs well both indoors and outdoors. Being a slow-growing plant, There is no problem with repotting. It can be easily propagated with cuttings.


10. Jade Plant Bonsai


Jade Plant is one of the excellent choices to make Bonsai. Their looks give an amazing appearance to Bonsai. They easily adapt to heavy training and pruning while making bonsai. This helps us to give the desired shape easily.

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